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【引用】英语9年级中考常考动词搭配  

2011-12-21 10:42:00|  分类: 初中英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文转载自天使妈妈--新文商南花《英语9年级中考常考动词搭配》


 

人教版新目标英语9年级中考常考动词搭配

人教版新目标英语9年级中考常考动词搭配

1. Add to增加,增                                 add … To      
Add up to
总计,所有一切                    add up相加

1) I don't think these facts will ________ anything.

2) Fifty new books have been ________ the library.

3) The music _________ our enjoyment of the film.

4) You must have made a mistake when you _______ the bill ________.


2. Break away from
打破,离,挣脱,改掉             break through突破
break down
出毛病,身体(精神)衰弱,分解,拆
break off
停,中                                    break in强行入,插话   
break into
                                       break into pieces碎片           break up碎,散,瓦解,束,拆散              break out

1) The criminal managed to break _______ ______ the police and ran into the woods.
2) When he heard the news, he broke _______ and cried.
3) Don't break ________ while others are speaking.
4) Why don't you break ________ for a few minutes and have some coffee?
5) When does school break ________?
6) After harvest we break _________ the soil with a tool pulled by two oxen.


3. Bring up
抚养吐,提出                            bring about造成
bring out
拿出,出版                                    bring in引入,引挣钱
bring back
使回想起                                     bring down使下降,使倒下
1) The shopkeeper brought his price _________ to only five dollars.
2) The school has brought _________ new foreign teachers to teach oral English.
3) The song brought ___________ happy memories of our schooldays.
4) Do you know what brought ___________ this misunderstanding?
5) The kind old man agreed to bring __________ the young orphan.
6) We decided to bring the matter ___ at the next meeting.
7) The wind brought _______ a lot of trees last night.
8) Next month they will bring ________ a new edition of the book.


4. Call on
召,拜访(某人)                            call at访参观(某地)
call for
去叫某人, 要求, 需要                             call up使回, 征召入伍
call in
召集,某人                                    call out大喊,高叫
call off
取消,不
1) Doctors are often called _____ in the middle of the war.
2) Please wait for me at home. I'll call _______ you at your house at seven tonight.
3) The trains calls _______ several big cities between Beijing and Guangzhou.
4) He called her name __________, but she didn't answer.
5) The sports meet was called ____ on account of the rain.

 

5. Come about生,出                       come down下跌,落,降,
come in
进来                     come into (sight/being/existence/use/notice/effect)
come on
来临/ 快点                           come over过来
come to
(an end/an agreement/a stop)醒,合共是  

 Come up芽,走近                           come across偶然
come back
回想起                             come from自,源自
1) I come _________ the book I lent you last month.
2) How did it come _________ that you both got lost? I thought you had a map.
3) It suddenly came _________ to me where I had seen the boy before.
4) Come __________ now, or else we shall be late.
5) He came __________ me like a tiger.
6) The price of petrol has come _________ since the beginning of this year.
7) The word came __________ use many years ago.
8) When the examination result came _________, he had already got a job.
9)The bill came __________ over a thousand dollars.
10) I sowed the seeds over a month ago, but they haven't come __________ yet.


6. Cut across
抄近路                           cut down倒,削
   cut off
,割掉,断绝关                 cut up根拔除,切碎
   cut through
穿            cut out(省)掉,戒掉         cut in
1) Don't cut ___ this tree. It will be very shady in summer.
2) You must cut ________ the number of cigarettes you smoke, or it will cause illness.
3) We decided to cut _________ the moor
野) to the village.
4) Cutting the tree ____ means cutting the tree into pieces.
5) The electricity was cut ___________ when the lady refused to pay the bill.
6) We were having a pleasant conversation when Tom cut __________.


7. Die of (disease/hunger/grief/old age)
死于(疾病,饥饿,寒冷,情感原因)
die from
死于(意外事故、情形)                       die out绝种
die away
渐渐消逝            die down()      die off逐一死去

 

8. Fall behind落后 fall over one's feet   fall down掉下,跌倒  fall back撤退,后退
1) Babies often fall _____ when they are learning to walk.
2) Our team seems to have fallen __________ the others.
3) As soon as the enemies fell __________, the people returned to their village.
4) She fell__________ the bench and had her leg broken.


9. Go in for
事,喜         go through
go over
复习检查                   go up(价格)上,建造起
go after
追捕,追赶                   go against
go ahead
先行,问吧说吧    go away
go by
时间过                       go down下沉,降低,(日、月)西沉
go on(with)
继续进                   go with相配,陪同
go without
有,缺少                 go out外出,熄
go all out
全力以赴                    go off爆炸,行,坏,断电,停止供
go back on
,食言                go beyond超出
1) Many new factories have gone __ in the past few years.
2) Rents have gone __________ greatly recently.
3) Many years have gone ___________ since we first met.
4) Let's continue our journey until the sun goes _______.
5) His actions went ___________ the will of the people,
6) I can't do it, for it goes ___________ my duty.
7) Over 100 students went ____________ this entrance examination.
8) The bomb went ____________ and killed ten people.
9) The buyer went ___________ the car carefully before reaching a decision.
10) This tie doesn't go ___________ my blue shirt.
11) If you think you can solve the problem, go ______.
12) Many students went __________ playing basketball.

 

10. Get down下,使沮          get down to致力于,心于
get on
展,步,穿上,上            get off,
get in
收集,                     get away,逃,去休假
get over
,越,克服,疾病中恢   get along with展,相
get up
起床                               get through打通电话,完成,通
get round
消息传开                        get close to sth. 接近,几乎
get into (trouble)
陷入困境中               get to (know) 了解到
get back
取回,收回                       get out 出去
1) She spoke so fast that I couldn't get ____ what he said.
2) We will find ways to get _________ difficulties.
3) The story has got __________, and everyone knows about it.
4) When I get _________ with the report, i'll go to the cinema.
5) After a delicious meal the two men got __________ to business.
6) Don't always get __________ a word when others are speaking.
7) It took me a long time to get ___________ such an unpleasant experience.


11. Give away
送,泄露,出         give out出,疲,分,公布
give off
出(光、体)           give in (to sb.) 屈服
give up
放弃,(座位)
1) His accent at last gave him __________.
2) The liquid gave ________ a strong smell.
3) The headmaster gave ___________ the names of the prize-winners.
4) The soldiers gave _________ the town to the enemies.
5) Who will help me to give the books ___________?
6) Don't believe in those who give his friends ________.
7) After a long walk, my strength gave ____________.


12. Hand in
交上,提交       hand out      hand down遗传
13. Hang about
闲逛         hang up电话
14. Hold back
阻止,隐瞒                        hold up起,使停
hold on
电话,等,                      hold out持,伸出
hold down
控制,镇压                          
1) I'm sure he is holding something _________.
2) She managed to hold ______ her emotion until her guests had left. Then she cried.
3) Tell him to hold ________ a moment. I'll come soon.
4) Our food supply won't hold _________ for more than a few days.
5) The train was held ________ as a result of the floods.
6) These measures helped to hold ___________ the city's population.
7) Hold ___________ your left arm, please.


15. Keep up (courage, English, spirits)
保持,   keep up with跟上
keep off (grass)
不接近,离                   keep away from,不接近,离远远
keep out of                                    keep to (rules, promise)
持,遵守
keep on
继续持下                         keep back阻止,留下,隐瞒,扣下
keep from
克制,阻止
1) The angry lady told the strangers to keep ________ from her.
2) I can hardly keep ________ my tears after hearing his words.
3) Only pride kept her __________ bursting into tears.
4) I can scarcely keep __________ asking him what he has done.
5) "Don't touch me," screamed the woman, "Keep __________!"
6) Keep _________ until you succeed.
7) Keep _________ your courage, and you'll succeed in the end.
8) The thick coat can keep the cold ___________.
9) Always try to keep ___________ the rules when you play a game.
10) I can't keep ________ with everything you're doing.


16. Knock at/on
                    knock into撞到某人身上
knock down
撞倒                      knock out of敲出
knock over
撞倒                       knock off停止工作,休息
1) The boxer soon knocked his opponent _________.
2) The office stuff knocks _________ at six every day.
3) Try knocking __________ the window and see if there is anyone indoors.
4) He was so absorbed in his book that he knocked __________ the car parked there.


17. Leave for
前往                 leave out去,
leave behind
,拿走             leave to遗嘱赠
leave over
留,剩下,延期
1) "Whose name has been left __________?" demanded the teacher.
2) When he died, he left all his property _____ his niece.
3) He suddenly realized that he had left his umbrella ___________.
4) Don't leave this matter _________ until tomorrow.
5) Leave some meat ___________ for tomorrow.
6) Those are questions left _________ by history.


18. Look up
找,向上看   look through浏览      look on
look on…As
看作           look into调查                look after/ at / for //
look out(for)
                                        look about / around/round四下
look down upon
不起                                  look back upon,回
look ab. Up and down
打量某人                      look ab in the face/eyes某人
1) I spent two hours looking ______ the students' papers.
2)Look _______! There is a big hole in front.
3) He took part in the game, and the rest of us just looked ______ and cheered for him.
4) The old man looked _____ upon the days of his youth.
5) She was so snobbish
利)that she looked __________ upon all his neighbours.
6) The police promised to look __________ the case as soon as possible.
7) He looked __________ but saw nobody, and he listened but hear nothing.


19. Make up
造,配制,打扮,            make up for
make into / of / from
制成                     make out发现,看出,填写列(清单
make for
走向,往,促使
1) Can you make this length of cloth __________ a suit?
2) I asked the driver if he was making ___________ London?
3) My father made __________ a check for me to buy the camera.
4) We must make the loss _________ next week./ He tried hard to make ________ for
the damage he had done.
5) He made __________ a story, which I found hard to believe.
6) Someone is coming, but I can't make ___________ who it is.


20. Pass away
去世        pass by经过               pass down(on)…To传给
pass through
经历          pass over,忽
1) The old clock has been passed ________ to me from my grandfather's grandfather.
2) The man passed ___________ last week in peace.
3) We are passing ____________ difficult times.
4) The secretary passed ___________ the details in the first part of his report.


21. Pay back
还钱报复  pay for受到惩罚,因得到报应   pay off还清
1) How much did you pay __________ the dictionary?
2) You should pay _________ the money you borrowed from me.
3) i'll pay him ____________ for all his crimes(
罪行) against me.
4) Some day, you'll pay __________ what you have done today.
5) Has she pay ____________ the debt yet?


22. Pick up
拾起,(information),接人,站起,收听,自然(language/knowledge),恢(pick up health)       pick out,辨,看出        pick cotton/flower/leaves/words选词
1) I picked the information __________ while waiting in the queue.
2) My friend has arranged to pick me _________ at 6:00.
3) The patient has picked _________ health during the last two weeks.
4) She picked _______ the most expensive pair of shoes.
5) I can't pick John ___________ in the crowd.
6) Can I pick __________ VOA with this short-wave radio?
7) He fell down suddenly, but picked himself ___________ quickly.


23. Put up
搭起,张贴起,安装,投宿,安排住下          put up with忍受
put out
伸出,扑              put off                 put into,翻
put away
放好,存            put down下,平息
put on
穿戴,上映,增加(put on weight/speed)                put forward 提出,提前
put through
接通电话            put aside放到一           put back放回
1) He put _________ half his wage every week.
2) The government soon put __________ the revolt
(暴.
3) Put your watch __________. It's slow.
4) He put __________ his hand for me to shake.
5). Please put me __________ to Extension
(分机)2.
6) We put ___________ for night at the village inn.
7) He is very proud, and he often put _________ airs.
架子)
8) We had a telephone put _____________ in our office.
9) I can't put __________ with your laziness.


24. Pull down
拆掉,推翻                     pull on匆匆穿上 / off
pull in
                                   pull out取出,()离站
pull down
往下拉,拆毁                         pull over到一
pull through
健康,过难关,         pull up(使)停住
1) The train slowly pulled __________ and disappeared in the distance.
2) All the old houses here have now been pulled ______, and new ones are to be built.
3) The car pulled _________ when I blew the horn.
4) The doctor thinks the man will pull __________.
5) The driver pulled ________ at the traffic lights.


25. Push over
推倒,刮倒             push ahead(on, forward)继续持下去
push through
排除困难办事,努力法通挤过
1) We've decided to push __________ with our plan to build a new road
2) Many trees were pushed __________ in the hurricane.
3) They were determined to push the new rules ________ at any cost..
4) Take care not to push the baby _________.
5) They pushed ___________ the crowd and at last reached us.


26. Run across
偶然       run after追逐,追捕    run away   run for竞选
run into
偶然到(困)遇(人),相撞             run out of用完
1) If you drive so fast, you'll run _________ someone some day.
2) I ran __________ a friend of mine in the exhibition.
3) Our water has run __________. Can you fill up some more bottles?
4) Why do you always run __________ adventure?
5) He didn't want to run ___________ president that year.
6) In that way you will only run __________ difficulties.


27. See off
送行           see through看透,            see to照料,照管
28. Send for
派人去      send off送行        send out出(光亮)等   send up
29. Set up
建立            set off触发,引起           set out身,着手(to do)
set about
始着手(doing)   set to work(n.)始做             set back回,使推
1) I shall set my watch ___________ by five minutes.
2) We set __________ reading the text aloud immediately the bell rang.
3) We set _________ at daybreak yesterday and we've been travelling ever since then.
4) I set __________ to advise him not to drink.
5) What were the reasons he set ___________ in his report?
6) The president set __________ a special group of soldiers to guard him.
7) The unpopular law set _________ a series of protests.
(抗


30. Take off
掉,起    take on       take away拿走     take in吸收,领会
take up
事,占用(时间           take down记录,取下       take back收回
take for
误认为    take along      take over接管               take out拿出

Take charge of负责,                     take hold of,

Take sth. For granted,             take pride in… ……自豪,

Take the place of, 代替                  take turns to do流做,      take office
1) I take _________ all I said about his dishonesty.
2) He went to the shelf and took __________ a book of poems.
3) At first I took him _________ a doctor.
4) I can see that most of you have taken ________ everything that the teacher taught.
5) Bill has now taken __________ his father's business.
6) My job takes __________ most of my time.
7) The boss took ____________ twenty people for his new company.


31. Think of
想起    think of…As看作    think out想出       think up想出
think about
       think over       think well of sb. 某人看法好
32. Turn off / on
                          turn over翻身,反,翻(书页),翻
turn out
果,制造成品                 turn to向,求助
turn down
低,拒                           turn against敌视,反
turn away
走,逐,转过脸               turn back返回,回去
turn round
转过                             turn up向上翻,露面,出,音量
turn in
                                     turn upside down把倒置,弄得七八糟
1) The child turned __________ its mother for comfort.
2) Turn ___________ and let me see your face.
3) However much he turned the problem ________ in mind, he could find no satisfactory solution.
4) The English evening party turned _________ a great success.
5) The sight of the accident was too much for her to bear, and she turned _______.
6) The football stadium was full, and many people had to be turned __________.
7) The army turned him ___________ on account of (
) his poor health.
8) She turned the whole house ___________ in her search for her missing purse.
9) Where did your purse turn ____________? I found it in the snow.
10) The villagers suddenly turned __________ the foreigners who lived nearby.
11) The factory turns ____________ 2000 new cars last year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


答案

( add up to, added to, add to, added…Up )

( away from, down, in, off, up, up )

( down, in, back, about, up, up, down, out )

( in, for, at, out, off)
( for, about, back, on, at, down, into, out, to, up )
6
down, down, across, up, off, in
8
down, behind, back, over
(up, up, by, down, against, beyond, through, off, over, with, ahead, in for )
(down, over, round, through, down, in, over)
(away, off, out, up, out, away, out)
14(back, back, on, out, up, down, up)

(away, back, from, from, off, on, up, out, to, up)
(down, off, on, into)
(out, to, behind, over, over, over)
(through, out, on, back, down, into, about/around/round)
(into, for, out, up/up, up, out)
down, away, through, over)

for, back, back, for, off
(up, up, up, out, out, up, up)
(away, down, forward, out, through, up, on, up, up)
(out, down, over, through, up)
(on, over, through, over, through )
( into, across/into, out, after, for, into)
29.(back, about, off/out, out, out, up, off)
(back, down, for, in, over, up, on)

(to, round, over, out, away, away, down, upside down, up, against, out)

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